Common food color additives include: FD&C Blue Nos. 1 and 2, FD&C Green No. 3, FD&C Red Nos. 3 and 40, FD&C Yellow Nos. 5 and 6, Orange B, Citrus Red No. 2, annatto extract, beta-carotene, grape skin extract, cochineal extract or carmine acid, paprika oleoresin, caramel color, fruit and vegetable juices, and saffron
(Note: Exempt color additives are not required to be declared by name on labels but may be declared simply as colorings or color added).
Food color additives offset color loss due to exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, moisture and storage conditions; correct natural variations in color; enhance colors that occur naturally; and, provide color to colorless and "fun" foods.
They are used in many processed foods (e.g., candies, snack foods margarine, cheese, soft drinks, jams/jellies, gelatins, pudding and pie fillings).
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Food and Drug Administration
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) fda.gov/Food 5100 Paint Branch Parkway College Park, MD 20740-3835
Color Additives Information fda.gov Color Additives
Toll free information line: 1-888-SAFEFOOD (723-3366)
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Food Safety and Inspection Service fsis.usda.gov Food Safety Education Staff 1400 Independence Ave., SW Room 2932-S
Washington, DC 20250-3700
Food Additives Information usda.gov Fact Sheets on Additives
Meat and Poultry Hotline: 1-800-535-4555
Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC)
USDA Ag Research Service
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
International Food Information Council Foundation (IFIC) IFIC
1100 Connecticut Ave., NW Suite 430
Washington, DC 20036
American Dietetic Association (ADA) ADA
216 W. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60606-6995
The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network (FAAN) FAAN
11781 Lee Jackson Hwy. Suite 160 Fairfax, VA 22033 1-800-929-4040
Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) IFT
525 West Van Buren
Chicago, IL 60607
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